Living Stations

The Design of Metro Stations in the (east flank) metropolitan areas of Rotterdam


Manuela Triggianese (ed)
Delft University of Technology
Olindo Caso (ed)
Delft University of Technology
Yagiz Söylev (ed)
Delft University of Technology


living stations


Due to the growing demand for mobility (as a primary need for people to get to work, to obtain personal care or to go travelling), cities continue to be faced with new urban challenges. Stations represent, along mobility networks, not only transportation nodes (transfer points) but also architectural objects which connect an area to the city’s territorial plane and which have the potential to generate new urban dynamics. In the ‘compact city’ the station is simply no longer the space to access mobility networks, as informed by their dry pragmatism, but becomes an urban place of sociality and encounter - an extended public space beyond mobility itself. Which relationships and cross-fertilizations can be significant for the design of the future living stations in the Municipality of Rotterdam? How ought these stations to be conceived in order to act as public places for collective action? Which (archetypical) devices can be designed to give a shape to the ambitions for these stations? The station as a public space and catalyzer for urban interventions in the metropolitan area of Rotterdam is the focus of the research initiative presented in this publication. City of Innovations Project – Living Stations is organized around speculating and forecasting on future scenarios for the city of Rotterdam. ‘What is the future of Rotterdam with the arrival of a new metro circle line system?’ In the past fifty years, every decade of Rotterdam urban planning has seen its complementary metro strategy, with profound connections with the spatial planning and architectural themes. Considering the urban trends of densification and the new move to the city, a new complementary strategy is required. The plans to realize 50.000 new homes between the city center and the suburban residential districts in the next 20 years go together with the development of a new metro circle line consisting of 16 new stations; 6 of which will connect the new metro line to the existing network. Students of the elective City of Innovations Project (AR0109) have been asked to develop ambitious but plausible urban and architectural proposals for selected locations under the guidance of tutors from the Municipality of Rotterdam and Complex Projects. The Grand Paris Express metro project in France has inspired the course’s approach. Following the critical essays on the strategic role of the infrastructural project for city development interventions, the ‘10 Visions X 5 Locations’ chapter is a systematization of the work of 35 master’s students with input from designers of the City of Rotterdam and experts and academic from the University of Gustave Eiffel in Paris. The research-through-design process conducted in the City of Innovations project - Living Stations consists of documenting and analyzing the present urban conditions of selected station locations in the City of Rotterdam and proposing design solutions and visualizations of the predicted development of these locations.


  • Living Stations for Hybrid Urban Configurations
    Olindo Caso
  • Stations as a Lever for Inclusive Growth
    Manuela Triggianese
  • The Art of Designing Infrastructure
    Marc Verheijen
  • Railway Station Projects in Greater Paris
    Nacima Baron

Author Biographies

Manuela Triggianese, Delft University of Technology

Manuela Triggianese is Assistant Professor at Delft University of Technology at the Department of Architecture, section of History & Complexity. She coordinates and teaches in the MSc program of the ‘Complex Projects’ group. She achieved her PhD at IUAV within the Villard d’Honnecourt program with TU Delft, ETSAM and Paris Belleville. She worked as visiting researcher at the Beijing Technical University and as research fellow at AMS Institute. She is member of ‘Future(proof) Urban Infrastructure’ group (at Deltas Infrastructure Mobility Initiative). As editor in chief, she published the book ‘Stations as Nodes’ (TU Open).

Olindo Caso, Delft University of Technology

Olindo Caso achieved his PhD in 1999 at Delft University of Technology. He makes part of the ‘Complex Projects’ group at the Department of Architecture, TU Delft, and coordinates the research group ‘Architecture and the City’. Main education and research themes relate to the architecture of the infrastructure for culture and for mobility. He is the author of many (international) publications.

Yagiz Söylev, Delft University of Technology

Yagiz Söylev is an architect and researcher. He received his Master degree in architecture with honours from TU Delft in 2018. He takes part in the teaching and research activities at TU Delft, Department of Architecture. He was the associate curator of the Pavilion of Turkey, in the 16th International Architecture Exhibition, la Biennale di Venezia in 2018. His work has been displayed in international exhibitions such as Istanbul Design Biennial and Shenzhen UABB.

Marc Verheijen, City of Rotterdam

As architect of the City of Rotterdam, Marc Verheijen combines traffic engineering with architecture. His projects vary in scale and abstraction, from masterplan to building. Recently he wrote the book ‘Infratecture, infrastructure by design’ as an invitation for debate on the quality of public space. As architect the within the engineering office of the municipality of Rotterdam he realized a wide range of infrastructure related buildings: parking’s, hubs, stations, bridges and viaducts.

Nacima Baron, University Gustave Eiffel Paris

Nacima Baron is human geographer, working at the nexus of social science and territorial policies. She is Full Professor at the Ecole d’Urbanisme de Paris and member of the LVMT laboratory. She is responsible for the Railway Stations Chair at the Ecole des Ponts and for Axis 3 in the ISIte Futurs Urbains MUTANDIS research programme on the governance of innovative mobility solutions in peri-urban areas.


stations, metro, metrostations, Rotterdam, TU Delft


4 February 2021


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Details about this monograph

ISBN-13 (15)


Date of first publication (11)


Physical Dimensions

176mm x 250mm